The aim of this study is to compare the distribution of adipose connective tissue between 60-80 years old Bulgarian male and female patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The study included 217 patients with T2DM, divided into two groups by sex. The two control groups included 40 healthy men and 40 healthy women. Anthropometric parameters include body weight, 9 skinfolds (sf), bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), calculated indices include BMI, sfTrunk/sfLimbs ratio, skinfolds upper half of body/skinfolds lower half of body ratio, fatmass and subcutaneous fatmass. Mean values of all measured skinfolds were significantly greater in the female patients than in the male patients. The mean values of BMI, % body fat tissue, fat mass and subcutaneous fat mass in the female patients were significantly higher than in male patients, but the mean value of visceral fat tissue was significantly higher in the male patients. The values of sfTrunk/sfLimbs ratio and skinfolds upper half of body/skinfolds lower half of body ratio were greater in the male patients in comparison to female patients. Accumulation of connective adipose tissue in elderly female patients was more subcutaneous, but less visceral. It was opposite in the elderly male patients: more visceral, but less subcutaneous. These results led to the assessment that the anthropological status of elderly male patients is worse than that of female patients for the prognostic of disease.
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