Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common diagnostic and therapeutic sanitary problem in small and big felines. Bacteria generally exist in one of the two types of population: planktonic, freely existing in bulk solution, and sessile, as a unit attached to a surface or within the confines of a biofilm. The presence of biofilms in the urinary tract is considered a possible cause of UTI recurrence as well as drug resistance. In this work samples of Panthera tigris spp. (Linnaeus, 1758) (tiger) were analyzed through scanning electron microscopy of bladder and penis from a captive individual considered as endangered. Preserving the health and reproduction function of captive tigers is very important to develop a proper diet to avoid urolithiasis. Periodic checking of abnormal behaviors along with blood and urine test is mandatory to prevent bacteremia as in the case studied in this work.
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