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Current Topics in Toxicology   Volumes    Volume 18 
Heavy metal burden in beverages consumed in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Muhammad Waqar Ashraf
Pages: 147 - 154
Number of pages: 8
Current Topics in Toxicology
Volume 18 

Copyright © 2022 Research Trends. All rights reserved

The levels of selected heavy metals (As, Ni, Cr, Fe, Mn, Cd, Cu, Hg, Pb and Zn) and macronutrients (Na, K, Ca and Mg) in local/imported carbonated waters, juices and mineral waters were determined. Relevant parameters like pH and TDS (total dissolved solids) were also measured. Atomic absorption spectrophotometric technique was applied for these estimations. The study revealed that the nutritional quality of local carbonated water was better than that of fruit juices, both in terms of heavy metal and macronutrient levels. Among the cardboard-packed juices, guava was found to contain maximum arsenic, whereas mixed fruit was found to contain maximum lead. Among the carbonated waters, Ribena was found to contain maximum chromium, whereas Sun Cola showed maximum levels of lead. Generally, most of the beverages showed heavy metal levels within the stipulated limits laid down by WHO.
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