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Current Topics in Biotechnology   Volumes    Volume 9 
A perspective on a white biotechnology under development: biomachining
A. Barona, M. B. Etxebarria, N. Rojo, A. Santaolalla, J. R. Otegi, E. Díaz-Tena, G. Gallastegui
Pages: 45 - 54
Number of pages: 10
Current Topics in Biotechnology
Volume 9 

Copyright © 2018 Research Trends. All rights reserved

Biotechnology advances are traditionally associated with the biological and biohealth sectors, but these innovations have also been decisive in areas such as the mitigation of the environmental impact of industrial activities. As an example, biomachining is an alternative to the sustainable engraving of metal pieces, using microorganisms in the process, but it has yet to be implemented at industrial scale. This study focuses on the assessment and future consideration of biomachining among businesses and prospective professionals in industry. A preliminary opinion survey was conducted on the degree of acceptance of this bioprocess, with the field of application being assessed. The biomachining process was considered sustainable by the respondents, although the answers revealed a degree of apprehension about the bioprocess when the intervention of live microorganisms was mentioned. The misgivings concerning biological risk and the difficulty in automating the process are drawbacks to be overcome before its industrial implementation. The machining of metal pieces in the jewellery and craft sectors is not feasible because the materials currently required are not biomachinable. Nevertheless, biomachining can play a significant role in the future manufacture of microfluidic chips that have emerging applications in many sectors.
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